Most babies are likely to suffer with diaper rash or nappy rash at some point. It generally happens between the ages of 0 – 2 years. Once your baby turns 2, his/her skin will be thicker and more rash-proof. The diaper area around your baby’s bottom is warm and moist, which breaks down the skin on that tender bottom. Nappy rash is a type of dermatitis that affects the buttocks, genitals and thighs but not on the abdomen of babies.
Skin in this area is tender, red and irritated or inflamed skin (dermatitis) and appears as a patchwork with tight papery skin, or skin that looks shiny and bright red, and a strong smell of ammonia on your baby’s bottom. Although this may cause the baby discomfort and pain, it is seldom serious. The condition usually lasts only a few days, but may develop into a persistent rash, which indicates a secondary skin condition or infection. The folds of the skin are usually unaffected.
It can be caused by a variety of factors, including friction from a tight diaper, prolonged exposure to a wet, urine and stool soiled diaper or to an allergic reaction to a product that has touched her skin like a soap, detergent, wipe, or material in the diaper. Called contact dermatitis, and it’s rare for a baby to get it, it could be triggered by a different brand or material in the diaper, or a new soap or cleanser or baby wipe or even Allergic reaction to the chemicals in the laundry detergent used to clean fabric nappies
The materials that keep diapers from leaking also prevent air from circulating, creating the perfect environment for a rash to breed. The reaction between urine ( pee ) and stool ( poo ) compressed together in a diaper causes some of the bacteria in your baby’s poo to release an enzyme that can cause ammonia to be released from urine. This, in turn, raises your baby’s skin pH level. Rising pH levels on the skin can increase the activity of things that irritate your baby’s skin and decrease the growth of healthy skin micro-flora that would protect her.
Sometimes a nappy rash can be made worse by also having yeast ( caused by Candida, called Candida diaper rash, a yeast-like fungus that normally lives in baby’s gut ) and bacterial infections ( for example staph and strep.) When the pH balance of your baby’s skin changes from exposure to pee and poo, the fungus thrives usually shows up around the genitals and buttocks. It’s usually very red, with small red spots close to the large patches. Antifungal cream may be necessary if the rash is caused by a fungal infection. Topical or oral antibiotics, if your baby has a bacterial infection.
We have 2 types of Nappy Rash Creams – Natural Nappy Rash Cream without Zinc for Sensitive Skin and Nappy Rash Cream with Zinc and Castor Oil. They glide on easily to instantly form a protective layer on baby’s skin to protect from further injury while creating an optimal environment to allow the skin to heal by to soothing and relieving rash discomfort. It will also help prevent friction from the diaper. Apply at each diaper change to soothe and protect your baby’s irritated skin.
- Always keep your baby clean by changing baby’s diaper or nappy as soon as they are wet or soiled. Allow the diaper area to dry between changes to help prevent painful rashes from developing. Depending on your baby’s age, a nappy change may need to be carried out anywhere between six and twelve times a day.
- When your baby wets herself, wipe the diaper area during each change either using just cotton balls and warm water, or mild, gentle wipes that do not contain fragrance or alcoholcleaning inside folds of skin.
- If your baby has a bowel movement, wash the area well with warm water and mild soap and a washcloth or or alcohol and perfume-free baby wipe, rinse and let dry completely.
- Give baby some diaper-free time on a towel a few minutes every day or for short periods of time to allow the skin to dry. This will help reduce the risk of a rash developing.
- Apply a diaper cream that contains moisture-blocking zinc oxide. a topical barrier cream or ointment such as zinc oxide or A&D ointment c that may help soothe the irritation
- Put on a clean diaper, making sure that it isn’t too tight (air needs to be able to circulate), and you’re done.